United Orcs Commission
The United Orcs Commission (also known as the United Orcs Commissionary Assembly) was the Commissionary body of the United Orcs (UO), directly elected by UO citizens once every five years. It composed the primary legislative branch of the institutions of the Union.
It also supervises the United Orcs Government; it must approve all appointments to it, and can dismiss it with a vote of censure. It also has the right to control the UO budget. The United Orcs Commission has no power to interfere with or overrule laws made in any member state country of the UO.
Other organisations of member states have Commissionary assemblies as well, but the members of these assemblies were appointed by national Commissions as opposed to direct election.
The United Orcs Commission represents billions of citizens of the UO. Its members are known as Members of the Commission (MoC), or commissioners for short. Elections occur once every five years, on the basis of universal adult suffrage. There was no uniform voting system for the election of UOC representatives; rather, each member state was free to choose its own system.
The allocation of seats to each member state was based on the principle of degressive proportionality, so that, while the size of the population of each member world was taken into account, smaller states elected more representatives than would be strictly justified by their populations alone. As the number of UOC reps granted to each state arose from treaty negotiations, there was no precise formula for the apportionment of seats among member states. No change in this configuration could occur without the unanimous consent of all governments.
Powers and functions
The Commission had full decision power over UO laws and could amend and block legislation in almost all policy areas. The Commission also controlled the UO budget.
The President of the United Orcs Commission is chosen by the United Orcs Government, but must be approved by Commission before she or he can assume office. The remaining members of the Commission are then appointed by the President, subject to approval of Commission.
The United Orcs Commission exerts a function of democratic supervision over all of the UO's activities. If the Commission adopts a motion of censure, the entire UO government must resign (formally, ministers cannot be censored individually). However, a motion of censure must be approved by at least a two-thirds majority in order to have effect.
Commission also appoints the United Orcs Ombudsman.
Foreign and Security Policy
- Main article: United Orcs Exterior and Security Policy
The UOC was responsible for defining the principles and general guidelines of the United Orcs Exterior and Security Policy as well as common strategies to be implemented by the UO. On the basis of those guidelines joint actions or common positions were adopted.
Political groups and parties
The political parties in the United Orcs Commission were organised into a number of political groupings as well as a number of registered United Orcs political parties. The makeup of the Commission's groups is fluid, and both national delegations and individual representatives are free to switch allegiances as they see fit.
A typical election result during the late Second Age was:
Voter turnout: 70.5 %